[2020-2018] MedRiver / « Définition d’indicateurs de fonctionnalité écologique pour les rivières à tresses de Méditerranée »

MedRiver [2018-2020]

Contrat Appel à projet IDEX JEDI
Co-contractant Université Côte d’Azur (UCA)

Contrats de recherche financés

Definition of ecological functionality indicators for Mediterranean braiding rivers

Programme de recherche « Définition d’indicateurs de fonctionnalité écologique pour les rivières à tresses de Méditerranée » porté par Margot Chapuis (Maître de conférences, Université Côte d’Azur, UMR 7300 ESPACE)

The European Water Framework Directive (WFD) of the European Union aims at improving the quality of European water bodies and resources by 2027. Concerning rivers, a first step is to make a diagnosis of the ecological and chemical “health status” of the rivers, which is then used as a base to restore, if necessary, the degraded water bodies.

However, establishing rigorous criteria to estimate whether a river is in “good health” is challenging. It is especially difficult in the case of braided rivers, which are common in South-East France. Braided rivers are characterized by strong hydrodynamics that induce rapid space-time changes in their morphological pattern and biological content. On the one hand, their rapid changes make them difficult to monitor, while, on the other hand, they generally quickly recover from a disturbance, which may hide their actual “health level”. Therefore, robust diagnosis tools are needed to properly assess the actual ecological status of braided metastable river systems. The MedRiver project aims at developing such tools, specifically targeting braided rivers in a Mediterranean context. Some of these tools already exist, but most are mono-discipline, addressing either the biological, the ecological, or the geomorphological context of the river. We have thus developed an original set of multi-parameter “good status” indicators for braided rivers. One of those new indicators links geomorphic and vegetation pattern evolution. We have started to use it to examine, in historical and remote sensing data, the temporal and spatial evolution of four braided river systems in Southern France (Var, Durance, Bléone, and Drac) and one in Italy (Mareta, Bolzano region) following their restoration which was conducted from 2008 to 2019. The analysis of the data is in progress. Meanwhile, we have also shown that some of the existing indicators (such as BRI* and W*) originally developed on pristine rivers, also apply successfully to channelized braided rivers; they well document their evolution subsequent to their restoration. Finally, we have developed another set of indicators that combine geomorphic and ecological parameters (such as aquatic macro invertebrate and terrestrial invertebrate content). Those should allow us to examine the spatial and temporal variability of braided river habitats.

We are still in the process of collecting data to quantify the new indicators and analyze the information they carry on the health level of the rivers under study. The new diagnosis tools will ultimately be provided to the river managers to help them plan and prioritize the restoration operations in the Mediterranean braided rivers.

Productions


    • Publication présentant le projet (Extrait de Livret academie3, p. 42-43) :
    • Colloque :

 

  • Références déposées sous HAL

Lise Devreux, Margot Chapuis, Barbara Belletti. EVOLUTION DU TRESSAGE SUITE A DES OPERATIONS DE RESTAURATION SUR DES RIVIERES EN TRESSES. Transport sédimentaire : rivières & barrages réservoirs, Mar 2021, Saclay, France. ⟨hal-02967555⟩

Équipe scientifique

Porteur du projet


Margot CHAPUIS

Participants UMR ESPACE


Lise DEVREUX
Anne TRICOT

Partenaires extérieurs


Pascale STEICHEN
(Université Côte d’Azur, Laboratoire GREDEG)
Isabelle DOUSSAN
(INRA)